What Is Oxycodone?
Oxycodone is a pain-relieving drug that’s prescribed frequently to deal with moderate to severe pain. The material is found alone and in conjunction with other pain relievers in a pill form under many brand names such as:
- OxyContin — oxycodone; both immediate and controlled release formulations.
Oxycodone is synthesized, in part, by chemical modification of opioid precursor molecules that are obtained from the opium poppy. Despite being manufactured in a laboratory, oxycodone impacts the consumer in ways similar to other legal and illegal opioids. Also, as with other opiate and opioid medications, oxycodone is capable of delivering a strong high–making it a possible drug of misuse for an alarming number of people.
Additionally, oxycodone usage will place someone at risk for developing dependence and tolerance. People are in danger of these phenomena even when the drug is taken as prescribed and, with time, addiction might be the final result. Those addicted to prescription opiates such as oxycodone are 40 times more likely to develop a heroin abuse problem
Signs and Symptoms
When somebody uses oxycodone they’ll experience a array of signs and symptoms associated with its action at opioid receptors throughout the body–basically gloomy multiple roles throughout the body in a fashion consistent with other opioid substances.
The signals will vary somewhat depending upon the particular formulation of oxycodone. Controlled release OxyContin provides signs that might be of lower intensity which last for a protracted period — provided that 12 hours — whereas medication such as OxyIR and other immediate release variations can activate stronger symptoms for a shorter interval. The specific dose and the method used to absorb the substance will also help determine the effect on an individual also. Some of those ill-advised alternate routes of administration of oxycodone include crushing the pills and snorting them, or trapping them in aqueous solution to be injected.
- Perceptions of less bodily pain.|
- Feelings of pleasure and happiness known as euphoria.
- Release of muscle tension.
- Emotional calm or comfort.
Unwanted Signs and Symptoms
- Slowed or difficult breathing.|” class=”synonym”>
- Alternating periods of consciousness and sleep.
Possible Signs of Overdose
- Constricted pupils, non-reactive to light.
- Periods of intense sedation; difficult to wake up.
- Cyanotic, or bluish appearance to fingernails, lips.
Effects of Oxycodone Abuse
Oxycodone is known as an opioid receptor agonist. Among the effects of the molecular interaction between the drug and receptor is in raising dopamine action in key brain areas. Additionally, dopamine is associated with the brain benefit system–meaning that individuals experiencing this sort of dopaminergic action will appreciate the feeling and try to replicate it later on. This contributes to abuse of the medication and, as mentioned before, a few of the consequences of abuse include tolerance, physiological dependence and, ultimately, addiction.
As the body continues to experience the effects of oxycodone, it starts to adjust to the amounts to ensure the identical amount will have a diminished impact.
This procedure is known as tolerance.
With tolerance set up, the consumer will find more of the substance to reach the desirable effects of the drug.
Individuals who start using the drug in excess of prescribed quantities, using it for reasons other than prescribed drugs, and utilizing oxycodone that’s not prescribed to them are displaying indicators of dependence.
An dependence is very likely to have taken hold in the point that someone continues to use a chemical that they know is using an unwanted influence in their life. Individuals addicted to oxycodone may:
- Lie and creep to obtain more of this medication.
- Display shifted interests and personality traits.
- Neglect other facets of life while devoting more attention to getting and using oxycodone.
- Attempt to acquire more of this substance by supplying false medical histories to medical professionals, forging prescriptions or visiting several doctors for several prescriptions.
- Continue usage even when faced by medical, social, legal or financial hardship.
Dependence and Withdrawal
Oxycodone dependence is connected to dependence. Dependence is when the brain becomes accustomed to the existence of — as well as physical and psychological effects of a drug — which it can’t function normally without it. Once addiction is established, the user will have to keep a source of “oxy” or face withdrawal symptoms such as:
- Rebound pain, or increased pain sensitivity.
- Gastrointestinal issues including appetite changes, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
- Diaphoresis or excessive perspiration.
Interestingly, individuals with other opiate or opioid substances — such as heroin — may occasionally use drugs containing oxycodone to reduce or remove their own withdrawal symptoms.
Oxycodone Abuse Treatment
The withdrawal symptoms of oxycodone can be very uncomfortable and enduring. As a result of this, individuals trying to stop oxycodone frequently benefit from seeking expert treatment.
Depending on the amount, frequency, and period of time using oxycodone, a supervised detox might be recommended. Detoxification is the significant reduction of oxycodone in the body. This is often completed within an inpatient setting so that medical professionals may often the individual–ensuring security and comfort.
During this procedure, other medicines may be prescribed to reduce cravings and other unpleasant symptoms.
When detox is done, patients may be referred to several treatment options like:
- Residential rehabilitation.
- Outpatient therapy.
- Emotional health/dual diagnosis therapy.
Residential rehabilitation programs have the individual in recovery living at the treatment centre for a time period. Treatment program lengths vary, but often ranging from several weeks to several months–a period during which there’s intensive focus on recovery during every day. Addiction treatment can be administered via rehabilitation programs also. Outpatient addiction treatment is less time intensive than residential or inpatient applications, but typically involves weekly or daily (depending on degree of demand) counseling and education sessions to talk about recovery and learn methods to keep abstinence.
Teen Oxycodone Abuse
Adults aren’t the only ones abusing forms of oxycodone such as OxyContin. Since the prescription medication is found in many home medicine cabinets, it is readily available for adolescents. Often, teens are introduced to the drug by friends at college.
Since it’s a legal prescription drug, many teenagers may see oxycodone as a benign high. As stated previously, but many abusers — including teenagers — wind up becoming addicted. As a crackdown on overprescribing clinics and heightened focus on a growing prescription medication abuse issue continues to upregulate the purchase price and reduce availability of drugs such as oxycodone, young men and women are switching to illegal street drugs like heroin at discounted rates.
It’s vitally important to speak with your teen about the dangers of prescription opiate abuse before it is too late.